The Constitution of France, 1791

The National Assembly, wishing to establish the French Constitution upon the principles it has just recognized and declared, abolishes irrevocably the institutions which were injurious to liberty and equality of rights.

Neither nobility, nor hereditary distinctions, nor any titles, nor any superiority other than that of public functionaries in the performance of their duties any longer exists.

Neither venality nor inheritance of any public office any longer exists.

Chapter I

Of the National Legislative Assembly

  1. The National Assembly constituting the legislative body is permanent and is composed of only one chamber.
  2. It shall be formed every two years by new elections.


Of Monarchy, the Regency, and the Ministers

Section 1. Monarchy and the King

  1. Monarchy is indivisible, and is delegated hereditarily to the reigning family, from male to male, by order of primogeniture, to the perpetual exclusion of women and their descendants.
    (Nothing is presumed concerning the effect of renunciations in the present reigning family.)
  2. The person of the King is inviolable and sacred; his only title is King of the French...
  3. On his accession to the throne, or as soon as he has attained his majority, the King, in the presence of the legislative body, shall take oath to the nation to be faithful to the nation and to the law, to employ all the power delegated to him to maintain the Constitution decreed by the National Constituent Assembly in the years 1789, 1790, and 1791, and to have the laws executed. [1]

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