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Unit 4: Nationalism, Industrialism, and Imperialism

Lesson C: European Division of the African Continent

Key Terms

Key Term Definition
balance of power when the relative strength of countries is essentially equal so that no single country is able to dominate other countries
depose to remove from office suddenly and forcefully
ethnic groups people of the same race or nationality who share and identify with a distinctive culture
geo-political the relationship among politics and geography, demography, and economics, especially with respect to the foreign policy of a state
manufactured goods finished items usually made by machines that are sold to consumers
missionary person sent by a religious group to convince others to follow their religion; may provide educational or other services
mother country the country or nation from which settlers of a territory originally came
nationalism the belief that people who share a common history and culture should be loyal to their country
raw materials unprocessed materials used by a manufacturer to make finished goods
scientific racism the use of science to investigate the differences among the human races; this was popular during the 19th century along with Social Darwinism
treaty a formal written agreement between two countries


Directions: Practice using these terms.


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