unit banner

Unit 3: Revolutions and Reaction

Lesson F: Costs and Benefits of Industrialization in The West

Lesson Overview

The Industrial Revolution transformed the harnessing of energy and production, increased communication, and altered the global balance of trade. Early industrializing countries reaped tremendous economic benefits from these changes. These benefits raised the standard of living and provided people with new economic opportunities and increased access to goods. But despite the benefits, industrialization brought great challenges. In an era of the global spread of democratic ideas, industrial working conditions and the problems of crowded cities caused many to question the extent of democratic reforms and to demand a greater role of government in improving the lives of citizens.

The First Passenger Train in Great Britain from 1830
The First Passenger Train in Great Britain, 1830 [1]

Key Questions

  1. How do trade and migration patterns cause intellectual and cultural transformations?
  2. What social, political, and economic conditions lead to the overthrow of established ideas?
  3. How do artifacts and documents influence how history is written?

Student Outcomes

  1. Explain how industrialization led to demographic changes such as population patterns, urbanization, the emergence of new social classes, and increased literacy and how this impacted urban populations.
  2. Analyze the connections between industrialization and political and social reform movements.
  3. Analyze the connections between industrialization and increased democracy in countries such as Britain and France.
  4. Analyze how changes in the world economy, Enlightenment thought, religion, democratic revolutions, and slave resistance brought about the abolition of the slave trade and emancipation of slaves in England and the Americas.
  5. Analyze cause-and-effect relationships and multiple causation, including the importance of the individual and the influence of ideas. (Historical Thinking Skill)
  6. Consider and compare multiple perspectives in primary and secondary sources. (Historical Thinking Skill)
  7. Draw comparisons across eras and regions in order to define enduring issues. (Historical Thinking Skill)

Key Terms

Student Resources

Chart of Activities:

Activities to Complete Estimated Time
5 minutes
Key Terms
5 minutes
Activator: The World 1800-1914
5 minutes
Opening: Industrialization and Urbanization
10 minutes
Activity 1: Industrialization and Population
20 minutes
Activity 2: Reforming the Industrial World
15 minutes
Activity 3: Democracy in Industrial Europe
20 minutes
Activity 4: The Free Labor Revolution
15 minutes
Review and Assessment
15 minutes
Lesson Summary
5 minutes

Lesson Completion Time

The total estimated time to complete this lesson is 115 minutes.


Page Notes:

[1] Source: This image from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:First_passenger_railway_ 1830.jpg is in the public domain because its copyright has expired.