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Unit 5: Crisis and Change

Lesson F: The Failure of Democracy and Return of War

Key Terms

Key Term Definition
aggression to begin hostility or attack first
Anschluss connection; annexation of Austria by Germany
anti-Semitism discrimination against Jewish people
appeasement giving in to the demands of others in order to avoid war
armistice agreement to stop conflict
authoritarian a form of government in which those in power hold absolute and unchangeable authority over the people; dictatorship
blitzkrieg "lightning war"; a type of war in which air attacks were swiftly followed by tanks and foot soldiers; used by Germany during World War II
expansionism a country's practice or policy of territorial or economic growth by taking from other countries
fascism a political system that calls for extreme nationalism and no tolerance of opposition
genocide the deliberate and systematic destruction, in whole or in part, of an ethnic, racial, religious, or national group
imperialism acquiring colonies or extending influence of a strong country to gain wealth and power
interpretation explanation
League of Nations international organization founded at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919; precursor to the United Nations
lebensraum living space; Hitler's plan to clear out Eastern Europe so that Germans could repopulate the area
Nazism National Socialist German Workers Party; believed in a superior race and totalitarian government
nonaggression not attacking
reparations money paid for damages
totalitarian exercising dictatorial (authoritarian) power by government over nearly every aspect of human life


Directions: Practice using these terms.


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