Unit 4: Nationalism, Industrialism, and Imperialism
Lesson F: Imperialism and the New World of the Americas
During the 19th century, most Latin American countries broke from colonial control. Most countries were inspired to fight for independence when the Spanish monarchy was overthrown by Napoleon. As countries in Latin America became "independent," many became vulnerable to American and other military intervention. In addition to military intervention, Latin Americans also saw their economies become dominated by foreign interests and companies. By the end of the 19th century, many Latin American countries were greatly controlled by other countries. This foreign intervention and domination limited change to Latin American social and cultural systems throughout the 19th century.
- To what extent did Western powers control Latin America economically and politically in the 19th century?
- How did social conditions change during the 19th and early 20th centuries?
- How did the economic systems of Latin American change and stay the same during the 19th century?
- Summarize Latin America's growing dependence on the global market.
- Analyze the consequences of economic development, elite domination, and the abolition of slavery for peasants, Indian populations, and immigrant laborers.
- Assess the effects of foreign intervention, liberal government policies, and nationalism on social and economic changes in Mexico, including legal and political rights for women.
- Employ quantitative analysis in order to explore such topics as changes in family size and composition, migration patterns, wealth distribution, and changes in the economy. (Historical Thinking Skill)
- Caste System
- cultural geography
- military intervention
- trading partner
- Historical Investigation - Women in Latin America (doc)
- Student Resource: Economic History of a Select Country (doc)
- Latin America - Independent or Dependent Brief Constructed Response (BCR) (doc)
Chart of Activities
|Activities to Complete||Estimated Time|
|Activator: 19th Century Imperialism||
|Opening: Latin American Social Structure||
|Activity 1: Exploring Latin American History||
|Activity 2: The History of Mexico||
|Activity 3: United States Involvement in Latin America||
|Activity 4: Latin American Exports||
|Activity 5: Analyzing and Researching Economic Data||
|Activity 6: Latin American Women||
|Review and Assessment||
Lesson Completion Time
The total estimated time to complete this lesson is 145 minutes.
 Source: This image from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Latin_American_independence_countries.PNG is licensed under the terms of the GNU License Agreement.