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Unit 4: Nationalism, Industrialism, and Imperialism

Lesson F: Imperialism and the New World of the Americas

Activity 1: Exploring Latin American History

The term Latin America applies to most of the area in the Americas south of the United States. It includes Mexico and most of the countries in Central and South America. Many geographers include the Caribbean islands, as well.

Latin America is made up of many different countries and has many geographical differences but it is defined as one region because of commonalties in cultural geography. This region has a common history that includes Native American civilizations, European exploration and colonization, revolutions, and wars of independence. At the beginning of the 18th century, all of the Americas were under direct political and military control of European countries. By the beginning of the 20th century, however, almost all of the Americas were independent of direct European control.

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Written Activity - Notebook

In this activity you will explore the political and military events related to imperialism and independence in Latin America. As you read the timeline, in your notebook, respond to the following questions:

  • What evidence can you find to show the influence of Europeans and the United States in Latin America?
  • What conclusions can you make regarding the causes of political revolutions in Latin America?
  • How did geography shape how this region developed politically?


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