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Unit 4: Nationalism, Industrialism, and Imperialism

Lesson H: Social Responses to an Industrialized World

Key Terms

Key Term Definition
bourgeoisie middle-class
imperialism acquiring colonies or extending influence of a strong country to gain wealth and power
Impressionism a movement in painting, especially among French painters of about 1870, of depicting the natural appearances of objects by means of dabs or strokes of primary unmixed colors in order to simulate actual reflected light
proletariat lower or lowest social class in a society; working class
Realism art movement in the mid 1800s where the subject is represented in a real-life, realistic manner
Romanticism literary, artistic, and philosophical movement originating in the 18th century, characterized largely by a reaction against previous movements and an emphasis on the imagination and emotions
socialism system where the state or government owns the factors of production


Directions: Practice using these terms.


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