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Unit 6: Modern World History

Lesson A: 20th Century Global Politics - The Cold War

Key Terms

Key Term Definition
capitalism an economic system providing free choice and individual incentive for workers, investors, consumers, and business enterprises
containment United States foreign policy designed to prevent the spread of communism
dissident person who opposes official policy; usually active in an authoritarian state
domino theory a theory that if one country comes under communist control, then neighboring countries will also come under communist control
labor strike work stoppage caused by the mass refusal of employees to perform work; usually takes place in response to employee grievances
Prague Spring a brief period of liberalization in Czechoslovakia, ending in August 1968, during which a program of political, economic, and cultural reform was initiated
proxy war a war instigated by a major power that does not itself become involved
satellite countries countries that appear to be sovereign, but are actually under the control of another country; countries such as Hungary and Poland under the U.S.S.R. control after World War II
Solidarity Movement group that was against communist rule in Poland in the 1980s
Velvet Revolution a nonviolent political revolution; the relatively smooth change from communism to a Western-style democracy in Czechoslovakia at the end of 1989

Directions: Practice using these key terms.

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