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Unit 3: Revolutions and Reaction

Lesson B: Out with the Old World and in with the New

Review and Assessment: Out with the Old World and in with the New


The Enlightenment and Glorious Revolution spread ideas about individual rights and the role of government. These ideas caused discussions in Europe and the American colonies about society‚Äôs problems and how to solve them. Slogans about freedom, independence, liberty, and equality were powerful reminders of the hardships and oppression under absolute monarchs. Following the example of the American Revolution, leaders in France called for a revolution to end the economic and political inequalities of the Ancien Régime with its traditional social classes. Although they differed in the extent to which democracy was achieved, the American and French Revolutions set the stage for global revolutions.

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During this lesson you analyzed the causes of the French Revolution and compared the causes, character, and consequences of the French and American Revolutions. Think about these examples as you complete the BCR below.

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Brief Constructed Response - French Revolution

Why didn't the French Revolution result in long lasting democratic change?

  • Explain why King Louis XVI was unable to maintain an absolute monarchy in France.
  • Analyze the character of the French Revolution and explain why it did not result in immediate democracy like the American Revolution.
  • Include details and examples to support your answer.

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