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Unit 4: Nationalism, Industrialism, and Imperialism

Lesson I: The Dual Forces of Nationalism

Review and Assessment


Nationalism is a collective feeling of membership and loyalty to a country, a community that has a shared culture, history, language, and territory. However, this force does not always bring people of a country together. Large empires, like the Ottoman Empire, who have multiple ethnicities, languages, and religions, tend to be pulled apart by nationalism. As people take pride in their own heritage and identity, they desire to form their own countries and communities. As a result, they may revolt against the dominant group to achieve independence. On the other hand, in the case of Germany and Italy, people who had common identities were spread out among many small states and nationalism drove these people to unite. Also, nationalism united those facing a foreign threat to pull together to protect their culture and institutions, as in the cases of India, Japan, and Egypt. As a consequence, nationalism is described as a "dual force;" it both unites and divides people depending on their circumstances.

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Think about how nationalism caused the transformation of societies around the world and the similarities and differences among these experiences. Think about these examples as you complete the BCR below.

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Brief Constructed Response - Global Comparison of Nationalism

Compare the impact of nationalism in two regions during the 19th century.

  • Identify two regions or countries that underwent transformations due to nationalism.
  • Describe the causes, characteristics, and outcomes of the nationalist movements in these two regions.
  • Analyze how these causes, characteristics, or outcomes were similar and different.
  • Include details and examples to support your answer.

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