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Unit 1: Redefining World Society and Culture

Lesson E: Travel and Trade in the Pre-Modern Era

Review and Assessment


The movement of people and the establishments of empires greatly changed the world. As people migrated to new areas and groups invaded and conquered others, ideas and other aspects of culture spread and powerful empires emerged. As people traded with each other, key cities emerged that served as centers of trade and culture. These cities, such as Constantinople, became very important and wealthy.

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Throughout history, the movement of humans has greatly impacted societies. Some humans simply migrated to new lands, while others invaded and conquered new lands. Still other movement occurred along trade routes. Regardless of the reason for human movement in history, human movement resulted in many historical effects, such as cultural diffusion as well as changes in economics, politics, and social structures. Think about these examples as you complete the BCR below.

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Brief Constructed Response - Effects of Human Movement

Choose two examples of human migration in history, such as those found in Europe, the Middle East, Asia, Africa, the Pacific, and the Americas. Compare and contrast how these two examples of human migration impacted other societies and people. Consider cultural, social, economic, and political effects as you plan your response.

  • Describe at least one effect for each of your examples of human migration.
  • Compare and contrast these effects and how they impacted people and societies.
  • Include details and examples to support your answer.

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