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Unit 2: How Trade and Travel Changed the World

Lesson C: China — Mongol to Ming Rule

Review and Assessment


The period 1300-1550 witnessed the fall of a mighty empire and rise of a new Chinese Dynasty in East Asia. The fall of the Mongol Yuan Empire and rise of the Ming in China was due to reasons typical of large, diverse areas throughout history. The economic and political challenges created by trade and travel led the early Ming rulers to limit foreign interaction. The cultural achievements of the Ming reflected the accomplishments of the latest line of Chinese dynasties.

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Ming China’s interaction with foreign peoples yielded mixed results. Many new goods and ideas benefited Ming society. However, the interaction of ideas threatened traditional Chinese ideas, and the empire was challenged by external societies. Think about the effects of these interactions as you complete the BCR below.

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Brief Constructed Response - Ming Interaction

Evaluate the effects of trade and interaction on the Ming Empire.

  • Analyze the political, economic, OR social effects of trade and interaction on the Ming Empire.
  • How did Ming interaction with Japanese and Europeans impact the decision to end foreign interaction?
  • Include details and examples to support your answer.

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