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Unit 4: Nationalism, Industrialism, and Imperialism

Lesson D: Western Trade Opens Chinese Doors

Review and Assessment


China was reluctant to open trade with foreign countries. Great Britain and other countries forced China to open up to the international world. Western powers used their military strength to gain entry into portions of the Chinese economy. This led to the economic imperialism. Internal rebellions and strife occurred as a result of this economic imperialism eventually leading to an overthrow of the emperor and the establishment of a presidential system.

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Compared to imperialism in Africa, South Asia, and Southeast Asia, imperialism in China was very different. In China, imperialism was more economic than political and Westerners left the Chinese government primarily intact. However, reactions such as the Taiping Uprising and the Boxer Rebellion led to some changes in the Chinese government. Think about these examples as you complete the BCR below.

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Brief Constructed Response - Responses to Imperialism

How did the reactions to imperialism in China challenge and alter the Chinese government?

  • Identify and describe two reactions to imperialism in China.
  • Analyze how these reactions led to reform movements or other changes in the Chinese government.
  • Include details and examples to support your answer.

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