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Unit 3: Revolutions and Reaction

Lesson E: The Origins and Spread of the Industrial Revolution

Review and Assessment


The Industrial Revolution was not only an economic revolution, but also an era of political and social change. It started in Great Britain but grew into a worldwide revolution in production, transportation, and communication. No one, not even those who did not industrialize, was immune from its effects. For even those states that were slow to industrialize were forced to interact with a smaller world connected by steamships and telegraph cable.

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The Industrial Revolution began in Great Britain, but the railroads, steamships, and factories that fueled the revolution soon spread around the world. In so doing, the economic and political power of the world shifted. Even countries that did not industrialize were impacted as they supplied the raw materials for production and were connected to the world by steamships, railways, and telegraph. From Great Britain, to Germany, to India, to China, relationships around the world changed. Think about these examples as you complete the BCR below.

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Brief Constructed Response - Relationships Evolve

How did the Industrial Revolution impact trade and business around the world?

  • Discuss the factors that led to the start and spread of the Industrial Revolution.
  • Analyze how these factors affected communication and transportation.
  • Include details and examples to support your answer.

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